Patients in both groups did not show any significant difference in their cognitive performance at any of the follow-up evaluations.
All patients except one had good blood pressure control with or without antihypertensive medications.
No difference was found in other follow-up parameters except in the daytime sleepiness at the 6-month and 12-month followup. ESS scores at 6 months: 3.12 ± 1.12 versus 5.38 ± 4.92, P = .02, in the CPAP versus non-CPAP groups respectively. ESS scores at 12 months: 3.00 ± 1.23 versus 6.12 ± 4, P < .001, in the CPAP versus non-CPAP groups, respectively.
This study is an important addition to the literature on the effect of CPAP treatment on patients with OSA and stroke. Our results indicate that new vascular events may be better prevented—and significantly more patients may make good stroke recovery—with CPAP treatment as compared to only best medical treatment.
Continuation in the next articles of this series.
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